GNM or General Nursing and Midwifery is a diploma course in paramedics. The course spans 3.5 years of study that educates students on general patient care along with maternity care for pregnant women. It is divided into 3 years of academic study and 6 months of internship. The course prepares them to become skilled nurses who assist doctors in various treatments, surgeries, and proper patient care.

The types of GNM are Basic, Post Basic, and distant BNM. A six-month internship is also included with the course to gain hands-on experience. Once you complete the GNM nursing, you are supposed to register as RNRM (Registered Nurse Registered Midwife) to practice henceforth. There are diverse job opportunities with good pay for the graduates. One can also do higher studies to get more specified job opportunities.


The GNM course trains students about all general nursing and in specific to midwifery which instills multiple skills to work in a hospital. The main subjects you’ll study during the term are as follows:

  • Fundamentals of Nursing 
  • Microbiology 
  • Sociology
  • English 
  • Anatomy and physiology 
  • Psychology 
  • Medical-Surgical Nursing 
  • Nutrition 
  • Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing 
  • Gynecological Nursing 
  • Midwifery and Gynaecological Nursing 
  • Community Health Nursing
  • First Aid 
  • Paediatric Nursing
  • Health Education and Communication Skills 
  • Personal Hygiene 
  • Environmental Hygiene

Eligibility Criteria

The GNM admission eligibility is to be known before joining any college. Check out the below:

  • Aspirants must have passed Class 12th with 45% aggregate marks from any recognized College/University.
  • Aspirants must have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in the 12th class.
  • Aspirants should be 17 or above during admission. 
  • One must take an entrance exam and pass it to get admission for GNM. There are state-wise and college-wise entrance exams. Some of the entrance exams for the GNM degree course are WBGNM, Kerala GNM, Maharashtra GNM, Tamil Nadu GNM Exam, etc.

Future Scope

Nurses are always in demand as the need is all-time. To administer the patients and assist doctors, nurses are vital. GNM Job opportunities are immense. With the diploma degree in hand, you can work in Govt hospitals, private hospitals, schools, colleges, NGOs, organizations’  dispensaries. If preferred, you can pursue MBBS after studying this course. To strengthen your skills and knowledge in the same field you can go for higher studies like BSc Nursing and MSc Nursing.

General Nursing and Midwifery Colleges in India

Many colleges in India offer General Nursing and Midwifery diploma courses. Here are some of the colleges:

MS Ramaiah Institute of Nursing Education and Research, Bangalore
Vydehi Institute of Nursing Sciences and Research Center, Bangalore
Kempegowda College of Nursing, Bangalore
Christian Medical College, Tamil Nadu
St John’s National Academy of Health Sciences, Bangalore
NIMS University, Jaipur
Christian College, Bangalore
Karnataka College of Nursing, Bangalore
Rabindranath Tagore University, Bhopal
St Philomena’s College of Nursing, Bangalore
Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Bihar
St George College of Management Science and Nursing, Bangalore
Maharajah’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Andhra Pradesh
Sri Vishnu Nursing Institute, Bangalore
Sharda University, Noida
Aligarh Muslim University
SB Group of Institutions, Bangalore
Vijayanagar College of Nursing, Bangalore


The GNM fee ranges from INR 20,000 to 1.5 Lakh per year

The specializations in General Nursing and Midwifery are Surgery, Nursing, Critical Care technology, Alternate Medicine, and Midwifery.

Nurses shouldn’t have to work only in hospitals. There are different jobs in multiple environments. Some of the job roles for GNM are:

  • Staff Nurse
  • Ward Sister
  • Health Visitor
  • Military Nurse
  • Forensic Nurse
  • Community Health worker
  • Nursing Superintendent
  • Travelling Nurse
  • Clinical Nurse Consultant
  • Home Care Nurse